Pakistan Water Partnership is a corporate body registered with a large number of key stakeholders from government organizations, public and private sector, NGOs, women and youth groups, and civil society who impact water or are being impacted by water and its uses in the country as its members/partners. This interview includes a discussion of the Indus Water Treaty of 1960 ratified by India and Pakistan. The Treaty allowed Pakistan unrestricted use of the western rivers and India exclusive use of the eastern rivers.
Two leaders from Pakistan Water Partnership are playing an active role in ameliorating Pakistan’s water issues by creating awareness related to water. They are also sensitizing various stakeholders on key issues of water development and management in the world and in Pakistan. In this interview, Dr. Pervaiz Amir, Partner and Mr. Karamat Ali, Country Coordinator of Pakistan Water Partnership (PWP) discuss the role of the organization, solutions PWP is advocating for and implementing in Pakistan, receptiveness of locals to their ideas, and also why a review of the Indus Water Treaty signed between Pakistan and India induced by climate change needs to be revisited. Please scroll to the bottom of this post to listen to the interview.
Key highlights of the interview are included below.
Brief introduction of the organization: PWP promotes concepts of Integrated Water Resources Management to the Pakistan Government, regional level governments, and grassroots level through multiple partner organizations.
Role in transboundary water management and as a cooperative mechanism: PWP is a part of the Global Water Partnership and is chairing a regional group as a starting point for dialogue on cooperation. Water issues are sensitive for some of the neighboring countries.
Challenges to transboundary water management: Climate change induced stress on the Indus River is the main challenge as proponents in India and Pakistan call for a revisit of the Treaty. It is one of the most important Treaties of the Century.
On India-Pakistan water sharing in the future: PWP is definitely optimistic about an evolving Treaty that meets the demands of India and Pakistan. The diplomacy track is active where climate change related issues are discussed. Various issues emerging from glacier melt, variations in river flow will be discussed April onwards between journalists, scientists, and other civil society members. The dialogue is of mutual interest to both parties.
Solutions PWP has successfully advocated for and implemented in Pakistan and the challenges to successful water management processes: PWP conceptualized and developed “Water Vision 2025” that has been the fundamental planning document used by the Government of Pakistan. Many approaches in the document have been implemented by the government. PWP also provides an independent forum to over 1500 civil-society members (from tribal areas and sensitive border areas like Iran and Afghanistan) and the government as stakeholders.
Approaches PWP takes to create awareness at grassroots and local levels about IWRM techniques: an area water partnership has been implemented that interacts with at local level to aid capacity-building and coordination on water management. Those at the local level (rural areas) are very receptive to the suggestions of PWP. PWP serves as an intermediary between the people, the government, and the donor agencies providing a free transparent platform for discussion.
The contribution of such organizations to advocacy and action on IWRM, and in turn peace-building from within has never been more important than today. Such organizations give us hope that the presence of such organizations will strengthen the principles of sustainable development for over 170 million people.
For a discussion on IWRM please read Martha Powers’ blog post here. Click below to listen to the interview.